Capital Ethiopia Newspaper

Ethiopia to ratify four UN protocols including suppression of terrorism financing

The House of Peoples’ Representatives on Thursday takes in four United Nations approved protocols including the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (ICSFT); all four are expected to enter the statue books in three weeks.
Ethiopia, currently in a crackdown against several individuals and some journalists who have allegedly worked and aided groups it has classified as “terrorists” as per the 2008 controversial antiterrorism law, would join the ICSFT members once the federal parliament approves the bill. Ethiopian forces have also joined regional allies in fighting the al Qaeda–linked group al-Shabab militant group in the fragile Somalia.
So far 174 countries have joined the ICSFT following the UN Security Council’s recommendation for the move. The multilateral treaty, open to the ratification of all UN members, is designed to criminalize acts of those who finance terrorist activities and to promote police and judicial cooperation to prevent, investigate and punish financing those acts, says the international body.
The House on Thursday’s regular session also took in and sent three other UN protocols for scrutiny in its standing committees; Protocol against the illicit manufacturing and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition; Protocol against of the smuggling of migrants by land, sea and air; and Protocol to suppress and punish trafficking in persons, especially women and childre
As per the House codes, the standing committees would bring back the protocols to the House floor for final endorsement in three weeks time.
The three protocols are known as Palermo Protocols since all the three were adopted by the United Nations in 2000 in Palermo, Italy, together with the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
The Smuggling Protocol entered into force on 28 January 2004. By December 1st of 2010, the protocol had been signed by 126 states, said the Foreign Affairs Ministry in its reports to MPs. The Trafficking Protocol entered into force on 25 December 2003 and has been signed by close to 150 countries.
Despite the Palermo Protocols, authorities in various countries have let down immigrants and 2011 has been the deadliest year forimmigrants, according to a UN report released earlier this week.
The UN High Commissioner for Refugees Sybella Wilkes said 2011 was the deadliest year for this region since the UN body started to record these statistics in 2006.  It estimates people from 15 nations drowned or had gone missing trying to go across the Mediterranean.
At least 1,500 migrants died trying to reach European shores during last year. The migrants were mainly from Somalia and other parts of Africa.