The Federal Ministry of Health produced the first National Hygiene & Sanitation Strategic Action Plan
that would help the country meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
The final draft of the Strategic Action Plan (SAP) indicated that 414 million dollar (7.27 billion birr) is needed to meet the target until the end of the MDG in 2015.
“In Ethiopia, our eyes are on our own Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) targets, but globally we are also committed to achieving the MDGs and the hygiene and sanitation targets established through the AfricaSan process, including the ‘eThekwini’ commitments made in 2008,” Tedros Adhanom (PhD), Minister of MoH said.
“The preparation of this Strategic Action Plan (SAP) will help Ethiopia realise its ambitious hygiene and sanitation targets,” Dr Tedros explained.
The cost related to MoH (primarily for communities and health institutions) has been estimated to reach 244 million dollar while 131 million dollar is associated with the education sector. An estimated 39 million dollar will be contributed by communities (chiefly through provision of labour and local materials).
The SAP also forms a key element of Ethiopia’s Universal Access Plan for water and sanitation, which calls for reaching 100 percent access to sanitation and 98 per cent access to water supply by 2015.
The country’s GTP targets, as outlined in the UAP and Health Sector Development Plan (HSDP) IV, are to achieve 100 per cent access to basic sanitation, and 82 percent access to ‘improved sanitation,’ by 2015. Further, HSDP IV calls for increasing the proportion of open defecation free (ODF) Kebeles from the current 15 percent to an ambitious goal of 80 percent. These goals have been adopted in the newly drafted Strategic Action Plan.
According to the budget breakdown that will be dispersed in the coming four years, Oromia and Amhara region will consume the highest amount that is 143.2 million dollar and 102.6 million dollar respectively.