The Ethiopia government released the 2010/11 Interim Report on Poverty on Friday March 16, 2012.
The 2010/11 Household Income Consumption and Expenditure Surveys (HICES) data analysis showed that the proportion of poor people (poverty head count index) in the country is 29.6%. This shows a marked declined in poverty from its level in 2004/05, which stood at 38.7%. The analysis also showed that poverty has declined both in rural and urban areas, although the decline is higher in urban areas.
The proportion of the population below the poverty line stood at 30.4% in rural area and 25.7% in urban areas in the 2010 fiscal year. Rural poverty was 39.3% and 35.1% in urban areas in 2004/05.
According to the report, the proportion of people who could not afford sufficient food (food poverty head count index), was around 33.6% in 2010/11, which is less than the 38% food poverty index estimated in 2004/05. In the 2010 fiscal year the food poverty index stood at 34.7% in rural areas and 27.9% in urban areas.
In the 2010/11, the poverty head count index was the highest in Afar (36.1%) followed by Somali (32.8%) and Tigray (31.8%), while poverty estimates are lowest in Harari (11%) followed by Addis Ababa (28.1%) and Dire Dawa (28.3%). In terms of food poverty, the highest poverty is observed in Amhara (42.5%) followed by Tigray (37.1%) Benshangul Gumuz (35.1%). The lowest food poverty is found again in Harari (5%) followed by Dire Dawa (21%) and Southern Nation and Nationality Peoples State (25.9%).
The 2010/11 HICE survey covered almost all rural and urban areas of the country, and is based on a sample size of 27,830 households.