Capital Ethiopia Newspaper

Ethiopia stands 100th in Global Food Index report

A report on Global Food Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit ranks Ethiopia 100th out of 105 countries on food security, which takes into account affordability, availability, quality and safety of nutritional resources.  
According to the report, an average individual needs 2,300 calories per day to live a healthy and active life.  In wealthy nations there is enough food for each person to eat 3,400 calories above that benchmark.
Kenya and Sudan ranked 77 and 96 respectively while data for the remaining neighboring countries wasn’t available.   
Africa’s second largest country, the Democratic Republic of Congo, plagued for years by civil war and instability, stood at the bottom of the table in 105th place,  just below the central African country of Chad.
The index used a dynamic quantitative and qualitative scoring model, constructed from 25 unique indicators, that measures these drivers of food security across both developing and developed countries,
While Ethiopia’s ranking stood at 100 just below Tanzania and just above the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar.
At the other end of the spectrum the United States, followed by the Scandinavian duos of Denmark and Norway then by France topped the list of the most food secure nations. 
Interestingly the report states that China had the most stability in agricultural production while Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia experienced the most volatility.
Access to financing for farmers, the presence of food safety net programs, protein quality and diet diversification, are highly correlated with overall food security according to the report which recommends nations to adopt new policies to increase their per capita income.
The low ranks are primarily owing to limited availability of vegetal iron in national food supplies, as measured in the FAO’s (Food and Agricultural Organization) Food Balance Sheets.
In perhaps its most surprising finding the report found that landlocked countries fared nearly as well as those with a coastline.
The 22 landlocked countries in the index on average scored only seven points lower than those that have access to ports. This suggests that although small countries without seaports may be particularly vulnerable to food shocks, however being landlocked does not translate into a significantly greater degree of food insecurity.
The United Nations has said by 2030, the world will need at least 50 percent more food to feed the growing population.