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Ethiopia ranked a lowly 133rd out of 144 countries on the prosperity index 2012 report released by the Legatum Institute which bases its measurements on various criteria including economic growth and personal well being.
The Prosperity Index assesses 144 nations around the world using several indicators of both economic competitiveness and livability. The Legatum Institute (“LI”) is an independent policy, advocacy, and advisory organization with the stated mission of researching and promoting the principles that drive the creation of global prosperity and the expansion of human liberty and wellbeing.
The Institute is part of the Legatum Group, a private global investment organization focused on investing in international capital markets and the promotion of sustainable development.
Among the criterion mentioned in the report were ones that the institute found to be the most important for richer countries. Some of those criterions are continued high level income, good health, political rights and civil liberties, freedom of choice, charitable giving, equality of opportunity, pleasant natural environment and religious freedom.
For those countries that were thought to be less rich, some of the essential drivers of economic competitiveness and viability were government effectiveness, level of education, growth in invested capital, commercialization of innovation, low dependence on foreign aid, commodity exports, and economic openness.
Ethiopia scored the lowest among the criterion used for ranking, its place in terms of freedom standing at 138th, while its best position came in capital ranking where it was placed at 95th with average life satisfaction said to be below average; 4.37 out of a possible 10.
Ethiopia’s rank was just below the war torn but oil rich nation of Iraq, and just above another conflict-ridden country, Pakistan. The Central African Republic took bottom position at 142, just below the Republic of Congo and the central Asian country of Afghanistan.
At the other end of the spectrum three Scandinavian countries took the top three positions; those being Norway, Denmark and Sweden, followed by the island nations of Australia and New Zealand, while the world’s largest economy, the United States, stood at 12th place.