National action plan for robust land and property rights


A 30 million pound sterling national action plan of land registration and certification that provides all households with robust land and property rights is going to be launched in the near future. The project is funded by the Department for International Development (DfID).
US Agency for International Development (USAID)-Ethiopia, together with the then Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD), was the only non-governmental organization that has been undertaking land registration and certification so far under two consecutive projects named Ethiopia-Strengthening Land Tenure and Administration Program (ELTAP) and Ethiopia Strengthening Land Administration Program (ELAP), from 2005-2008 and 2008-2011, respectively.
DFID has now dedicated 30 million pounds to realize the certification. The Agency floated a tender to recruit consultants and four consulting firms have been screened out for the last competition, according to sources. USAID reported the achievement of the latest pilot project ELAP which will end on January 31, 2013.
The project had four components. The first component is strengthening land administration systems and policies that were not finalized by ELTAP. The second component is giving certificate so that farmers would secure and invest their money, power and knowledge and excel their productivity. The third component is making farmers, administrators and adjudicators aware of the implementation. And finally the fourth component is capacity building and coordination which includes trainings and workshops locally and internationally.
ELAP is involved in six regions but certification was only made feasible in three of them. Oromiya, SNNPR, and Tigray were the regions where certification has been made, while in Amhara, Afar and Somali other components of the project have been practiced.
Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa that is struggling to address the root causes of poverty. Central to this struggle is the need for land laws and a system of land administration that supports secure property rights, broadens access to land, and supports incentives for improved land use management.
Land tenure in Ethiopia has experienced shifts between feudal and socialist land policies that have left people insecure. After years of displacement and land redistribution, land policy is aimed at providing people with clear land and holding certificates and security.
The Ethiopian government has embarked on a national action plan of land registration and certification that aims to provide all rural households with robust land and property rights. The legal and regulatory framework in Ethiopia, however, is complex. It gives regional governments considerable autonomy over land policy and systems of administration. Each regional state government is in the intricate process of interpreting federal land policy and enacting its own land legislations as an important step in efforts aimed at economic growth, market development, sustainable natural resources management, and increased agricultural productivity.