Ethiopia sits as one of the fourteen countries that have recorded impressive Human Development Index (HDI) gains of more than 2 percent annually since 2000,
according to a report released by UNDP.
The 2013 HDI under the theme “The Rise of the South: Human Development in a Diverse World” was released on Friday 15th of March 2013.
The report released by UNDP’s Ethiopia Representative Eugene Owusu looks at the dynamics of transforming power imbalance and examines the emerging issues and trends as well as new actors which are shaping the global development landscape.
The report states that over the past decades, countries across the world have been converging towards higher levels of human development, as shown by the Human Development Index. All groups and regions have shown notable improvement in all HDI components, with faster progress in low and medium HDI countries. This means that inequality in the world is decreasing.
Countries like Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Angola, Timor-Leste, Myanmar, Tanzania, Liberia, Burundi, Mali, Mozambique, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Niger are stated to have shown a remarkable change on their HDI. The report states that even thought most are low-HDI African countries, with many emerging from long periods of armed conflict, they still have managed to make significant recent progress in school attendance, life expectancy and per capita income growth, the data shows.
According to the report there have been three notable drivers of development across most of these countries: a proactive developmental state, tapping of global markets, and determined social policy and innovations.
In 2010, Ethiopia was the 11th top mover in term of human development. The country is now recorded as having the third highest Human Development Index gain, with an annual increase of 44 percent or average increase of about 3.1 percent a year.
“Challenges do of course still remain for Ethiopia, home to the second most populous nation in Africa and a predominantly young population,” Eugene Owusu stated. He also noted that Ethiopia is one of the nations selected by the UN to hold consultation on the global post 2015 development agenda. He said that in partnership with the government, civil society and the private sector, UNDP had organized post 2015 consultations across Ethiopia. The discussions have drawn participants from all regions over the course of six gatherings, including discussions on interest areas such as women, youth and private sector.