World Press Freedom Day 20th anniversary celebrated


World Press Freedom Day was celebrated around the world on Friday under the theme ‘Safe to Speak: Securing Freedom of Expression’.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) chose Ethiopian journalist Reeyot Alemu as the 2013 laureate for the Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova and the President Laura Chinchilla of Costa Rica were both present at the ceremony.
According to the United Nations, there is growing awareness that ensures freedom of expression, which must also by necessity extend to safety online as well. The organization also stated that this year’s theme puts the spotlight on, in particular, the three main issues discussed; the issue of safety of journalists combating impunity for crimes against freedom of expression, and securing a free and open internet as a precondition for online safety. Representatives from the main organizations defending freedom of expression, editors, journalists, teachers and representatives of the United Nations were present at the celebration in Costa Rica.
According to UNESCO’s latest research, on average, no more than one-in-ten crimes against journalists is brought to trial and punished. The conference, which was held on the World Press Freedom Day was celebrated, examined the difficulties and hurdles which block investigations into attacks against press freedom and ways of overcoming them.
This year marks the 20th anniversary of World Press Freedom Day, which was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in 1993.  To mark the occasion, UNESCO launched the publication “Pressing for Freedom”, which reviews the revolution in newsrooms over the past two decades, the rise of the 24 hour news cycle, blogs, social networks, podcasts, webcasts, citizen journalism, and notes that these developments have not yet opened the way to greater respect for basic freedoms.