Nearly 39 million Ethiopians, who mostly live in rural areas of the country, have no access to safe drinking water and practically 48 million lack access to basic sanitation.
Fueled by the Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) and the Minimum Development Goals (MDGs), Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in expanding access to water, sanitation facilities and hygiene initiatives in recent years and plans to provide 98.5 percent of its citizens with safe drinking water as well as 100 percent access to basic sanitation.
World Vision, in its 2012 report states that, through its Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) project, it has been able to provide well over 400,000 people with potable water. The organization that launched a book entitled “In the midst of water: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Ethiopia” on Tuesday, June 25th, stated that in the last few decades, the Ethiopian WASH sector has shown encouraging progress in terms of increasing sustainability and equitable distribution.
“Access to WASH services continues to grow at a steady pace. However, much still remains to be done to address the rural population that needs safe drinking water and improved sanitation facilities. Equally, minimizing the urban-rural WASH service-coverage gap by intensifying our efforts in the rural environment is another focus areas,” stated Kebede Gerba, State minister of Water and Energy.
The State minister also said that the government will be implementing ‘One WASH National program’ in Ethiopia. The program will be implemented in two phases; phase one will be carried out from July 2013 to June 2015 and the second phase will be from July 2015 to June 2020.
“The total funding required to achieve the One WASH GTP water supply, sanitation and hygiene targets is USD 2.9 billion, of which 42 percent will be covered by the government, 43 percent by donors and the rest by communities and NGOs,” stated Kebede.
World Vision officially opened its office in 1975. It has been carrying out several projects in Ethiopia including WASH programs. In its 2012 report, the organization stated that it had a budget of close to USD 100 million allocated for the implementation of its projects.