Ousting the country’s first freely elected president after he defied army demands to implement radical reforms that helps to empower the public, or step down, Egypt’s military suspended the constitution on Wednesday and ordered new elections.
Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, army chief of staff disclosed on national television in front of prominent political and religious leaders, that the military was forced to act after President Mohammed Mursi refused for weeks to set up a national reconciliation government, incorporating the diversified interests of different factions.
Al-Sisi explained that the chief judge of the constitutional court, backed by technical experts, would have full powers to run the country until the constitution is amended and new elections are held.
Adli al-Mansour, the 67-year old head of Egypt’s supreme constitutional court was selected as interim president. Suspending the constitution provisionally, the chief justice of the constitutional court will declare early presidential elections. For the interim period until a president elected, the Chief justice will have presidential power. A technocrat, capable national government will be formed, the committee will offer all its expertise to review the constitution, the supreme constitutional law will address the draft law and prepare for parliamentary elections, as reported by Aljazeera Friday.
At least 39 people have died, including one American student, since the protests began Sunday, according to USA Today. Many of the latest deaths occurred after gunfire erupted outside Cairo University in Giza, where pro-Mursi demonstrators gathered to show support for the president, who comes from Muslim brotherhood.
Mursi, in an emotional address Tuesday night, rejected the army’s demands, saying he was legitimately elected and could not be forced to resign.
Although Mursi has been staying in office only for one year, his opponents have grown increasingly due to the deteriorating economic and political situation of the country that left many unemployed, and chased out of the public at large from the economic system.