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Around 11 million ‘Undocumented’ people expected to benefit
On Thursday, the US Senate approved the most ambitious overhaul of the Nation’s immigration system in a generation. The vote on the bill, for and against, stood at 68 to 32, enough to overcome the Republican obstruction process. It delivered a strong signal to the House of Representatives that the measure has broad bi-partism support and deserves to be swiftly passed and sent to President Obama for signature to become law.
The bill paves the way to US citizenship for as many as 11 million people who illegally reside and work in the country. It offers them a chance to live, work, and travel without the suffocating fear of arrest and deportation. The bill also contains other sensible reforms. It provides a quick path to citizenship for farm workers and young unauthorized immigrants who came to the US as children and allows some deportees to return from abroad to join their families and creates a more generous and sensible future flow of temporary workers. It reduces the backlogs that have kept millions waiting years to join their families. It also includes protection for vulnerable women and children immigrants.
The new immigration bill has its own positive impact on the US economy as well as the society in general. Obviously, in any world, the most important factor that drives economic growth is innovation. According to Economist Gordon Hanson, University of California, immigrants, especially high-skilled immigrants are great for innovation. Immigrants are more likely than native-born Americans to secure patents on new inventions or processes, and he argued that immigrants can bring unique knowledge about foreign markets to American firms. This is marked as brain-drain.
Meanwhile, Ethiopians scholars are quite present in the US economy and becoming more and more visible through the various organizations they set up in the US. Associations of Ethiopian Doctors and Health professionals, Medical Associations, Society of Economic Association, Ethiopian Nurse Association, Pilots Association and much more. Losing such scholars is extremely devastating for the country, while it is a boon for the host nation.
But, it’s not just high-skilled immigrants who can help boost economic growth in America, he added, low-skilled immigrant workers can make the American economy more efficient as well. First of all, low-skilled immigrant workers are more willing to move to find work than native-born American workers. According to an article published on “The Economics of Immigration,” since 1990, immigrants contributed to 50 percent of the growth of the US labor force. Today, 1 in 8 workers is foreign born.
Immigrants have become embedded in the US workforce and are vital to certain industries such as farming, construction and the service sector. Immigrants constitute almost 40 percent of the workers in the farming, forestry and fishing industries. About 20 percent of the construction industry is powered by foreign labor, and in the service industry they are about 21 percent. Hence, it is possible to say that there is greater input.