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A staggering 63 percent of Ethiopians believe the police and health and medical services in the country are corrupt, according to a report published by Transparency International.
Among the eight services evaluated, the police, the judiciary and health services are seen as the most corrupt services.
The report further revealed that an estimated 31 percent of people who came into contact with the police in the last year report to having paid a bribe. For those interacting with the judiciary, the stated share is 24 percent.
In its Global Corruption Barometer 2013, released this week, Transparency International said Ethiopia was among the 36 countries in which the police were seen as the most corrupt institution.
“About 63 percent of Ethiopians believed that police were corrupt. Forty-four percent admitted to having paid bribes to police,” the report said. The survey was conducted among 114,000 people in 107 countries. In Ethiopia, 1,000 people from urban areas were interviewed.
According to Transparency International, an average of 53 percent of people sampled during the global survey said they had paid a bribe to police. Overall, more than one in four people reported having paid a bribe in the last 12 months when interacting with key public institutions and services.
Of the 107 countries, 20 countries viewed the judiciary as the most corrupt. In these countries an average of 30 percent of the people who had come in contact with the judicial system had been asked to pay a bribe.
However, reported bribery rates to the judiciary have gone down by more than 20 percent in Ethiopia, Iraq, Palestine and South Sudan according to the report.
About 54 percent of the people surveyed globally, considered their government to be ineffective in fighting corruption. This lack of confidence in government efforts had grown compared with people’s views in the 2010/2011 survey, when 47 percent of people felt their government was ineffective in fighting corruption. “More than one in two people globally think their government is largely or entirely run by groups acting in their own interests rather than for the benefit of the citizens,” the report states.
In a positive light, two in three people around the globe believed ordinary people could make a difference in the fight against corruption. In Ethiopia 60 percent of people agree that ordinary citizens can make a difference in the fight against corruption.
Nearly nine out of 10 people surveyed said they would act against corruption, and two-thirds of those who were asked to pay a bribe had refused.