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Despite the Government’s and other non-governmental organizations’ efforts to tackle human trafficking at its source, the number of Ethiopians who are heading to the Middle East has reportedly tripled according to sources.
The issue of human trafficking has been put under the spotlight both internationally and at home. However, according to sources, the number of Ethiopians that are striving to make their way to the Middle East is dramatically increasing.
It is fair to say that a community in a country is vulnerable to human trafficking due to the existence of deep-rooted poverty and lack of knowledge about the issue of human trafficking itself. The exacerbated poverty especially among women and the lack of social and economic stability is always mentioned as a push factor for many Ethiopians to be lured to the Middle East. Because of false promises of good jobs, high salaries and a comfortable way of life, people are trying to go to Saudi Arabia and other countries in the region.
As a result of human trafficking, many Ethiopians have lost their lives both on their way to and at their destinations,  while others have ends up in what can be called “modern slavery.” 
The government in view of this has been and is currently undertaking several measures against  the issue including, closing of agencies and arresting people suspected of trafficking.
In relation to this, the Employment Exchange Services Proclamation No. 632/2009 currently governs the work of about 406 licensed labor agencies. The number of operating agencies varies day-to-day as several are added regularly to it because the business is lucrative. On top of that, MoLSA revokes licenses of agencies regularly as the agencies fail to comply with regulations or fail to manage the cases of their customers properly.  In 2012, the Federal Police Trafficking and Narcotic Department investigated 136 suspected cases of human trafficking.
Aside from efforts already in place stricter measures are still needed to address the root causes of the problem as well as to further combat it.
The creation and facilitation of job opportunities can be considered as one way of combating the problem. On the other hand, the limited and inconsistent assistance provided by Ethiopian diplomatic missions in the Middle East to victims of human trafficking seems to be inadequate when it is compared to the scale of the problem.
Receiving countries are also taking measures against human trafficking. Saudi Arabia, for instance, is fencing up its borders to stop illegal immigrants. The country had had announced its plan to resume the construction of a 3 meters high fence along its 1,800km border with Yemen.  This has created congestions of illegal travelers around Haradh, where much of the cross-border smuggling of people, drugs and weapons is concentrated, worsening the  challenges of Ethiopians.