Ethiopia ranks the least in freedom report


The 2013 African Economic Outlook (AEO) report gives Ethiopia a rating of seven on the Freedom in Africa chart that includes freedom status, political rights and civil liberties, seven being the least and one the highest.
According to the report, although there have been more elections on the continent than ever before, these elections were accompanied by intense protests. It indicated that North African countries remain tense, while people in many Sub Saharan African countries worry about job security and the constantly rising cost of living.
African policy makers increasingly acknowledge the need for “quality” economic growth. The 5 percent average annual growth rate in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the past decade has not created enough jobs for young Africans coming into the labor market and the pace of poverty reduction in most countries is falling short of the targets set by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
African governments are allowing more freedom of expression, but the cost of living and lack of quality employment still remains the main concern for most Africans, contributing to the lingering tension.
Concerning terrorism, AEO statistics by the Risk Advisory Group 2013 report, shows that the number of terrorism acts across Africa has risen from 318 in 2007 to 599 in 2012. Over the past six years, 5,723 people have been killed and 7,905 wounded in attacks. There were 1,540 dead and 1,610 injured in 2012, which was the bloodiest year. About half of the 2012 attacks were not claimed by any specific group. The Boko Haram sect in Nigeria and the Islamist militants Al Shabab in Somalia represented over a third of militant acts in Africa in 2012, the report stated.
Regarding corruption, around 90 percent of all countries in the continent scored below the 50 pass mark. Transparency International’s Global Corruption Barometer indicates that African citizens believe corruption had worsened in the previous three years, but people living in two nations, Kenya and Ethiopia, believe corruption has declined in their respective countries, although corruption cases that have taken Ethiopia by storm would suggest otherwise.
Concerning economic governance, access to credit has improved. A number of Sub Sahara countries have intensified reforms on the legal rights of borrowers and lenders. Ethiopia, for example, has incorporated new laws and regulations guaranteeing the rights of borrowers, AEO stated.