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No award from Mo Ibrahim Foundation this year
The 2013 Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) has ranked Ethiopia 33rd out of 52 African countries. Since 2000, Ethiopia has shown its biggest improvement in the category of Human Development, which measures welfare, education and health. However, despite improvements, the country’s governance score remains below the continental average as well as the regional average.
The report shows that 94 percent of Africans, including those in Ethiopia, live in a country that has experienced overall governance improvement since the year 2000. It also stated that the remaining six percent of Africans are living in countries that have experienced governance deterioration like Madagascar, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Somalia, Libya and Mali.
East Africa was ranked 4th out of five regions, a rank that the region has held since 2000. The region showed overall improvement in the areas of Participation and Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity and Human Development. On the other hand, the report suggests that the region is not doing so well in regards to Safety and the Rule of Law, which has continuously declined since the year 2000.
“On this continent, where two thirds of the population is now under 25, these diverging trends within the Safety & Rule of Law category are concerning. They may sound a warning signal, with the new century seeing fewer regional conflicts, but increased domestic social unrest,” said Hadeel Ibrahim, Founding Executive Director of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation.
Regarding the overall performances of the countries, the report shows a growing diversity in governance results on the continent. There is a widening span in performance between the best and the worst-governed countries; increasingly noticeable differences between the performance across different categories and conflicting trends within the categories, it states.
“The widening range of the governance results, especially within some sub-regions, stresses the growing need for more cohesion and solidarity. This will be critical to African unity,” Salim Ahmed Salim, Chairperson of the Ibrahim Prize Committee said.
In related news, the Mo Ibrahim Foundation’s Independent Prize Committee decided not to award this year’s 2013 Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership.
The award created by the Sudanese-born billionaire Mo Ibrahim is the largest prize in the world awarding USD 5 million over a period of 10 years, and thereafter USD 200,000 annually for life, to leaders of African countries who excel in office and step down after serving their constitutionally mandated term.
“This Prize honors Former heads-of-state or government who have demonstrated excellence in leading their country during their mandates, and by doing so, served as role models for the next generation. After careful consideration, the Prize Committee has decided not to award the 2013 Prize for Excellence in Leadership,” said Salim Ahmed Salim, former Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity, former prime minister of Tanzania, and Chair of the Prize Committee.
The Foundation has only awarded the prize three times since its establishment in 2007. The previous winners were Joaquim Chissano, former president of Mozambique, who received the first award, Festus Mogae, former president of Botswana, who was awarded the prize in 2008, and Pedro Pires, former president of Cape Verde, who received the award in 2011.
In order to win the award, criteria include being a democratically elected former African head-of-state or government who has left office in the previous three years having served their constitutionally mandated term, demonstrating excellence in office, helping to lift people out of poverty and paving the way for sustainable and equitable prosperity.