As Albert Einstein said, light is the fastest thing in the world then the slowest thing must be the network system in Ethiopia. This is not to say the telecom industry has not come far, it has, after all at one time people living in rural areas considered phones to be the work of demons. However, that was a century ago and since then technology has changed rapidly and much is needed to meet the challenges of a world that relies on a fast network system.
In almost every other place around the world a great deal of business is being conducted online and now that is coming to Ethiopia, in fact it has to if the nation is going to compete globally. This means that banks, federal agencies and other businesses are now conducting business over the network which makes the network even more vital while at the same time adding more stress to it.
Soon more and more businesses will follow suit. Telecommunication service has contributed to business development, but now the expectations have become much higher.
The first telephone in Ethiopia was brought from Italy by Emperor Menelik in 1890 and it connected the palace and the imperial treasury. Year’s later, Ethiopia’s first telegraph was constructed between the city of Harar and Addis Ababa. Radio transmission began to operate in the country during the Haileselasie Regime.
Ethio telecom is the sole provider of telecom services in the country. To obtain extensive Internet service and other telecom services throughout the nation ethio telecom did several things. In 2013, it announced a program to improve national coverage and reduce the average walking distance for people in rural areas. It also made local prepaid SIMs to be sold in small shops, kiosks and hotels.
In late September that year ethio telecom signed a contract to upgrade and expand the telecommunication service in the country, and agreed with two Chinese companies, ZTE Corporation and Huawei Technologies, China’s largest telecom equipment manufacturers.
Huawei was selected by Ethiopian Telecom to upgrade Addis Ababa’s network infrastructure to a high speed 4G network. Though this company is contracted to expand the mobile phone network throughout Ethiopia, it still has not brought results from its work. While ZTE, the second largest telecom equipment manufacturer in China, failed to even start the project. 
For these and other reasons the attempts don’t seem to have made a major difference in easing the nation’s network problem. Ethiopia still has a poor network connection. In the last couple of years, the situation got even worse; the network system in the country is frequently out of work or over loaded. Mobile networks are unable to connect and Internet café services are unavailable between 10 to 20 percent of the time.
If the problem persists for long without given any attention the service sector will be a failure. To keep up with the rest of the world service providers should use the Internet only for transactions until the network can be improved.