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The Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector of the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) organized a launching program for stakeholders of The Disaster Risk Management and Strategic Programme and Investment Framework (DRM-SPIF), whose framework was ratified by the Council of Ministers. Mitiku Kassa, State Minister for Disaster Risk Management and Food Security Sector at MoA, said that previous approaches had been focused on solving disasters after they happened. Now, however, the new framework will work on preparedness and prevention before the disaster happens.
The DRM-SPIF is a tool that will enable the DRM sector in Ethiopia to fulfill its important role of effectively implementing the national policy and strategy on DRM. Although the DRM was ratified about a year ago, the SPIF was implemented in this budget year.
Nevertheless, a number of systemic limitations and gaps persist, as identified by the policy on DRM.
According to the document, the DRM Strategic Programme and Investment Framework (DRM-SPIF) aims to address the gaps within the overall goal of reducing disaster risk and the impact of disasters through the establishment of a comprehensive and integrated disaster risk management system.
The system presented here is designed to bring about positive outcomes in all the phases of the disaster risk management cycle, but specific priority investment areas are identified as central to the achievement of the desired outcomes.
The DRM policy provides the direction for the kind of DRM system envisaged for Ethiopia in the future. It relies on organizational structures with appropriate and harmonized roles and responsibilities at federal, regional and woreda levels. Horizontal and vertical coordination among decision-making bodies and effective DRM systems, processes and procedures is ensured.
The system is based on an understanding of disaster risks; effective and targeted information flows for decision making and for community DRM; resource preparedness, ensuring appropriate and timely availability of key resources; effective implementation capacity, including resource delivery; and on mechanisms for learning lessons and feeding into planning and decision-making.
The DRM-SPIF envisions a future where, disaster risk is prevented, mitigated and forecasted to enable an effective response. A culture of risk reduction is built at all levels.
To address identified gaps, an integrated DRM system encompasses all phases of the DRM cycle using common mechanisms. Programmes in risk reduction integrate with climate change adaptation (CCA) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives.
Preparedness is achieved through strengthened early warning and rapid assessment systems linked to contingency plans and finance, an improved food and non-food management system, and greater community responsibility for DRM