Ethiopia shows significant reduction in malnutrition


Ethiopia has been able to reduce child mortality occurring due to malnutrition by 23 percent, says the Global Nutrition Report.
The report that tracks the progress of 193 countries states that the country has been able to achieve the significant reduction as it gave due attention to the health sector as well as through the implementation of well designed programs to reduce malnutrition.
Comparing the healthcare cost of those with malnutrition and those with normal health status, the report suggests that the economic impact of malnutrition is significant in developing countries.  For example, malnutrition lowers Ethiopia’s GDP by 16.5 percent the data gathered on the report showed.
The report states that the higher the prevalence of malnutrition, the lower the average annual rate of its reduction. With this regard, among nineteen countries that show negative average annual rate of reduction, Somalia takes the top place demonstrating the worst situation.
Ethiopia sits among six countries that are showing consistent reduction in malnutrition, but the country still has stunning rate of more than 40 percent under fed children. 
Among several country specific challenges, in Ethiopia, nutrition-specific interventions such as exclusive breastfeeding rates are low contributing to the problem.
The report states that the benefits of improved nutrition cascade through the lifecycle and across generations, which is why the costs of restraint to act on the issue are tragically high for all countries. This requires developing stronger accountability mechanisms with better data, more transparent and stronger feedback systems as vital steps towards intensifying commitment and making sure these mechanisms improve nutrition status.
The report also underlines the need for nutrition to be well-represented in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which will be launched after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) comes to a close at the end of 2015.
Through indicators such as food security and water supply, sanitation and hygiene, resource allocations, and political commitments, the Global Nutrition Report aims to contribute to country-led efforts to strengthen accountability and accelerate the reduction of malnutrition.