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A new report by the Economist Intelligence Unit gives Ethiopia a 38.5 score line out of a 100 in the 2015 overall ranking table of food security. The index gives scores of one to 100, with 100 being most positive, to a 109 countries.
The 2015 Global Food Security Index (GFSI) shows that Ethiopia is among the two-thirds of countries that have shown progress with regards to food security and thus has gotten a higher score. According to the index, the positive results for many countries are due to sustained economic expansion in most regions combined with lower global food prices.
Countries that have invested in agriculture and infrastructure have also managed to move up on the index. It states that the most improved countries on the list were successful due to several reasons such as decreased dependency on food safety-net programs, expanded crop storage capacity, lower levels of post-harvest or pre-consumer food loss, greater diet diversity and better access to high-quality protein sources.
Political stability risk also decreased in a number of low-income and lower-middle-income countries, allowing them to focus on developing and sustaining structures that support food security.
Ethiopia is also among the top five countries that have managed to improve on food safety and quality along with Mali, Singapore, Venezuela and Saudi Arabia. On the other hand, the five countries that have seen a significant decline with regards to safety and quality are Argentina, Madagascar, Yemen, Tanzania and Sierra Leone, according to the index.
The index underlines that concentrated government effort and public and private partnerships are crucial in structural elements of food security. The elements includes; infrastructure and programs to insure nutrition, food safety and farmer financing.
It also stated that government should focus on the cost of food as its impact on household incomes has an almost immediate effect on food security, while infrastructure upgrades, improvements to national diets and the implementation of nutritional standards take longer to show results.