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Parliament is expected to ratify a revised employment exchange proclamation in September, which will enable domestic workers to travel to the Middle East, Asia, among other destinations.
The proclamation requires domestic workers to have certificates proving that they have at least three months of training in their respective fields.
In October 2013, the government banned domestic workers from traveling abroad due to the rampant torturing, sexual harassment and other civil rights violations endured by many Ethiopians in Saudi Arabia, Lebanon and other Middle Eastern countries.
After the ban was placed, the number of illegal brokers and undocumented migrants increased, causing a surge in the loss of life en route and at sea.
Over two hundred Ethiopian migrant workers have reportedly emigrated after the ban was established nine months ago.
Girma Shelme, Public Relations Head at the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MoLSA), told Capital that the ministry has signed an agreement with Oromia, Amhara, Tigray, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Regions, and Technical and Vocational Schools in Addis Ababa to provide training for domestic workers in housekeeping and care giving.
“Our advice for domestic workers is to take advantage of the many work opportunities in Ethiopia. Wealthy citizens formerly employed in small and medium enterprises serve as great examples” Girma said.
“If they do not want to work here, they should have a training certificate. If they are trained, we can ensure that they receive proper salaries and negotiate with employers on adequate working conditions. Vocational schools are ready to provide proper training.’’
Girma added that the proclamation will extend enhanced security to migrant workers by offering closer contact with embassies and consulate offices.
Recently, parliament ratified new legislation on illegal migration proposed by the Ministry of Justice. Under the law, illegal brokers who unlawfully traffic people could face capital punishment.
Social scientists identify unemployment, pessimistic attitudes about local employment, bureaucracy in the business environment and insufficient salaries as major causes that drive young people, mostly women, to go abroad in search of low-skilled work.