Drought affected areas have lost 80 percent of cattle, according to statistics provided by the European Union delegation’s office in Ethiopia. Data also shows that the number of children out of school is continuing to rise, threatening Ethiopia’s with the Millennium Development Goal achievement of increasing school enrollment.
According to the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, while Ethiopia’s 2016 USD 1.4 billion appeal has received over USD 758 million from the Ethiopian government and the international community,significant life-saving gaps remain across all sectors.
A 90-day campaign to raise awareness on the urgent need of more funding was also launched on Wednesday, March 23, by humanitarian partners.
“Ethiopia is currently contending with one of the most serious climatic shocks in recorded history, with ten million people facing lost harvests and livestock as well as severe water shortages and health risks. We are launching this campaign to advocate for increased funding commensurate with the scale and severity of this crisis,” said Ahunna Eziakonwa-Onuchie, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Ethiopia, in a statement released to the media.
It was also noted that the Ethiopian government is one of the largest financial contributors to the humanitarian response thus far, leading in the coordination of a complex inter-sector response using government systems and relying on national capacity.
The UN Humanitarian Coordinator also underlined that an urgent response is needed to protect the development gains of the country over the past decade, and to ensure the country remains on its development trajectory.
The current situation, according to USAID, shows that delayed and incomplete food assistance distributions, as well as limited access to water, sanitation and hygiene services have increased communicable disease in drought affected areas. As a response, the Government with the help of partners, plans to vaccinate 25 million children against measles in more than 500 drought affected Woredas.
The Government is also planning to update the 2016 Humanitarian Requirement Document (HRD), a document that outlines anticipated humanitarian needs and required funding levels between January and December 2016.
The revisions include increasing the population projected to experience moderate acute malnutrition from 1.7 million to 2.2 million and adjusting the number of children under five years of age expected to face severe acute malnutrition increase from 435,000. The number of farmers in need of emergency seed support has also increased from 2.2 million to 3.3 million.