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According to the Ethiopian Food, Medicine and Health Care Administration Authority (EFMHACA) report, Antibiotics Resistance (ABR) is now occurring in over 80 communicable diseases. This means that new drugs will be required to fight them and awareness needs to be raised demonstrating that improper or over use of antibiotics is a big problem.
With regards to pharmaceuticals major problems include; self medicating, being able to access drugs without a doctor’s prescription, not taking the right dosage, and not finishing all the medication because a patient feels better.
In a study that was presented during World Antibiotics Awareness week patients with TB and HIV have also been misusing their medication.
A representative of the Authority warned that people need to be made aware of how to take drugs and health departments need to strictly enforce rules and supervise practitioners.
Heran Gerba, Deputy Head of Inspection and license Department at EFMHACA said, “the knowledge of ABR is high among prescribers. There is however a gap in the knowledge and perception of optimal antibiotic prescription practices. There is the need for a formal source of information on ABR to support prescriber’s antibiotic prescription practices.”
She added that medicine factories in the country should make new medicine that challenges ABR.
Some research shows that although progress has been made in gathering and using ABR data in TB and other diseases challenges still remain. These include lack of a comprehensive policy and plan to address ABR, and poor regulatory capacity.
The very first antibiotic was penicillin, discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1929. He put disease causing bacteria in a Petri dish and found that penicillin mold inhibited their growth. During World War II, penicillin saved literally millions of people from death from wound infections. Over the next decades, penicillin and subsequent antibiotics significantly improved the life expectancy of millions, more by effectively treating a wide variety of formerly lethal diseases, such as pneumonia and tuberculosis.